3M Earplug Lawsuit: A Comprehensive Overview

3M double-ended combat arms earplugs

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The 3M Earplug Lawsuit is a legal action against the 3M Company, alleging that their combat earplugs were defective, causing hearing loss and tinnitus in military service members. Plaintiffs claim that 3M knew about the defects but failed to disclose them, resulting in harm to those who used the earplugs during their military service.

These lawsuits seek compensation for medical expenses, pain and suffering, and other damages arising from the hearing loss and impairments caused by the faulty earplugs.


Latest 3M Earplug Lawsuit Update

As of February 2024, following the previous month’s historic announcement of 3M spending $6 billion to claimants, Judge Rodgers extended the deadlines of the listed plaintiffs in CMO#57 to 30 days from February 20, 2024. This allows correction for any errors in opt-out decisions previously made.

Plaintiffs on the list who had a status conference scheduled under the MDL will now be canceled. It’s under the court’s prerogative to reschedule these conferences at a later date if the changes on op-out elections remain incomplete.

Plaintiffs included in the Exhibit are given ten days from when the Settlement Administrator sent the memo to complete and return their registration packet. This can be accomplished by themselves or their primary lawyers.

Plaintiffs who chose to be a part of the Expedited Payment Program must also submit any required documents to BrownGreer PLC within the same 10-day window provided to Plaintiffs listed in the Exhibit.

Key deadlines by March 25, 2024, include submitting expert reports outlined in sections V.A.d & VII.A of CMO#57. This is also the latest possible date for a status conference, in accordance with section VII.C of CMO#57

Why Are Victims Filing 3M Earplug Lawsuits?

Victims are filing 3M Earplug Lawsuits because they believe the 3M Company knowingly sold defective Combat Arms earplugs to the U.S. military, leading to hearing loss and tinnitus among service members.

These plaintiffs allege that 3M was aware of the design flaws but did not disclose them, thereby putting military personnel at unnecessary risk for auditory damage.

In many instances, military service members depended on these earplugs for ear protection in extremely noisy environments from gunfire or explosions. The earplugs were meant to be a critical safety gear item designed to reduce the risk of hearing damage significantly.

The legal actions against 3M have revealed not just individual complaints but also a pattern of negligence that puts the issue into the realm of mass tort litigation.

Such cases often involve a complex litigation process, and the service members filing these lawsuits seek experts in mass tort litigation law to represent their claims adequately.

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Why Were the 3M Earplugs Considered Defective?

3M’s missteps with the dual-ended earplugs primarily centered on design flaws and quality control. Initially marketed as an effective solution for noise reduction, especially for military personnel, the earplugs failed to deliver on their promise due to a combination of faulty design and manufacturing defects.

The most glaring issue was the earplugs’ inability to maintain a tight seal within the ear canal, resulting in ineffective noise cancellation.

Furthermore, 3M’s lack of comprehensive testing before releasing the product to the market exacerbated the problem, putting users at risk of hearing damage.

Did 3M Know That the Earplugs Were Defective?

What exacerbates 3M’s culpability is evidence suggesting that the company was aware of the earplugs’ defects but continued to market and distribute the product. Internal documents, as well as whistleblower accounts, have indicated that 3M had knowledge of the design flaws. 

Despite knowing that the earplugs failed to meet safety standards, especially those set forth for military use, the company did not take sufficient action to correct these issues or to inform the end-users.

This has led to legal ramifications, including lawsuits filed by those who suffered hearing loss or damage while using these defective earplugs.

Health Implications of Using 3M Earplugs

The main health implication of using 3M’s defective combat earplugs is the risk of suffering from hearing loss and tinnitus. Service members who relied on these earplugs for protection in noisy environments have reported these auditory issues.

They say that the faulty design of the earplugs failed to provide adequate sound insulation.

Known Injuries and Side Effects

While life-altering hearing injuries and tinnitus are the primary health concerns highlighted in the 3M Earplug Lawsuits, the overall impact of these issues can have ripple effects on a person’s well-being, including the following.

  • Psychological stress: The constant ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and difficulty in hearing can lead to heightened stress levels and emotional strain, affecting the mental health of the individuals affected.
  • Difficulty in communication: Hearing loss can interfere significantly with an individual’s ability to communicate, which can, in turn, affect relationships and job performance.
  • Sleep disruption: Tinnitus can be particularly bothersome in quiet environments, making it difficult for affected individuals to fall asleep or stay asleep, leading to issues like insomnia.
  • Reduced quality of life: Ongoing auditory issues can drastically reduce a person’s quality of life, leading to social isolation and decreased participation in activities they once enjoyed.

Eligibility for Victims and Legal Procedures

A person may be eligible to file a 3M Earplug Lawsuit if they are a current or former U.S. military service member who used 3M’s dual-ended Combat Arms Earplugs (Version 2) between 2003 and 2015 and have since experienced hearing loss, tinnitus, or other auditory issues.

The lawsuit is generally open to veterans and active-duty military personnel who can demonstrate that their auditory impairments are linked to using these specific earplugs during their service.

Am I Eligible to File a 3M Earplug Lawsuit?

The first important eligibility factor is the time frame during which the earplugs were used. The earplugs in question are the dual-ended Combat Arms Earplugs Version 2 (CAEv2), distributed primarily between 2003 and 2015. Individuals who used these earplugs during this period may have a valid claim.

Another crucial aspect is the type of earplug itself; it has to be the dual-ended Combat Arms Earplugs Version 2 for the lawsuit to be applicable.

In addition to having used the specific type and version of earplugs, claimants must also show evidence of hearing-related issues, such as hearing loss or tinnitus, diagnosed by a healthcare provider. Documentation supporting this diagnosis and any link between the health issue and military service can strengthen the case.

Steps to File a 3M Earplug Lawsuit

The following are the steps to file a 3M earplug lawsuit:

  1. Consult a lawyer: Contact a law firm that specializes in mass tort or personal injury lawsuits to evaluate your case.
  2. Gather evidence: Collect all necessary documents, including medical and military service records, which can establish a link between your hearing issues and using 3M earplugs.
  3. File the complaint: Your attorney will draft and file a formal legal complaint against the 3M Company on your behalf.

Potential Compensation and Settlements

Some bellwether trials have seen substantial jury awards. For instance, in April 2021, a jury awarded three veterans a combined $7.1 million in a bellwether trial. Another veteran was awarded $8.2 million in October 2021.

However, these individual cases may not be representative of the overall range of potential of the 3M Earplug Lawsuit payout. Class action or mass tort settlements could also differ and may involve the distribution of a larger sum among a more extensive group of claimants.

The Core of 3M’s Legal Argument

3M strongly believed that their main legal argument—invoking the “Feres” doctrine—would result in the dismissal of the pending lawsuits. Legal experts reviewing the case predicted that this defense was unlikely to succeed, and this eventually proved true.

The Feres doctrine, originating from the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Feres v. the United States, aims to protect government contractors from state tort liability.

It also restricts military personnel and civilian government employees from suing the U.S. government for injuries sustained while engaged in activities “incident to service.”

However, a 1988 Supreme Court ruling in Boyle v. United Technologies Corp updated the Feres doctrine and introduced a three-part test for preemption:

  1. the U.S. approved specific equipment specifications;
  2. the equipment met those exact specifications; and
  3. the manufacturer informed the U.S. of any known dangers related to the equipment.

Bankruptcy judge Rodgers dismissed 3M’s preemption arguments in bankruptcy court, ruling that the “government contractor defense” did not apply in this situation.

The bankruptcy court further stated that 3M was not allowed to present this defense to a jury, as it was determined that no reasonable jury could believe that the military coerced Aearo/3M into their course of action.

All 3M Earplug Lawsuit Updates

February 2024

After last month’s landmark announcement that 3M would allocate $6 billion to eligible claimants, Judge Rodgers has decided to extend the deadlines for the plaintiffs mentioned in CMO#57 by 30 days starting from February 20, 2024.

This extension provides an opportunity to rectify any mistakes made in earlier opt-out decisions.

January 2024

A law firm has filed a motion to extend a claim registration deadline due to slow mail at a Mississippi prison, a decision pending with Judge Rodgers in a complex settlement case

Meanwhile, significant developments include BrownGreer PLC taking over as Settlement Administrator and 3M contributing $250 million to a fund for quicker veteran payments.

December 2023

Judge Rodgers has opted not to revisit sanctions against two Dechert LLP attorneys, initially imposed for alleged misconduct during a trial, after the 11th Circuit overturned the sanctions on technical grounds.

Concurrently, concerns over 3M’s potential bankruptcy affecting a $1 billion stock transfer as part of a settlement were alleviated during a fairness hearing, with assurances of the stock’s reliable market value and immediate sale provisions.

November 2023

BrownGreer PLC has replaced ARCHER Systems, LLC as a co-administrator of the related Qualified Settlement Funds, with CPA Randall L. Sansom continuing in his role. Additionally, 42,647 new cases were added to the MDL in the last 30 days, an update reflecting ongoing accounting rather than new participants in a previously closed settlement agreement.

October 2023

Judge Rogers has given a final chance to eight plaintiffs to provide accurate contact details by November 3, 2023, to avoid case dismissal for non-compliance. A second group of 39 claimants has had their cases dismissed already. The judge has also ordered the closure of these claimants’ Plaintiff Identification Numbers in the MDL-Centrality system.

September 2023

Bankruptcy judge Rodgers has implemented measures to combat unfair lending practices in the 3M earplug settlement agreement, including requiring disclosure of third-party funding agreements from claimants and their lawyers.

She has also instructed the Court-appointed Settlement Administrator to hold all settlement funds for plaintiffs who have taken out loans, although the administrator won’t negotiate loan repayment terms.

August 2023

3M commits to a $6 billion settlement to compensate U.S. military veterans and service members who experienced hearing loss due to the company’s defective earplugs.

The Payment Schedule attached to the settlement agreement shows the breakdown of when 3M will be funding the settlement.

June 2023

A federal judge rejects 3M’s attempt to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy concerning the military earplug lawsuits.

May 2023

Despite not reaching a settlement agreement during the second day of mediation, both parties report making progress in their negotiations. Judge Rodgers schedules four bellwether trials and appoints retired judges and a Special Master to mediate the ongoing claims.

January 2023

Bloomberg reveals that 3M has already spent over $450 million in defending itself in the earplug lawsuits.

December 2022

The judge overseeing the Multidistrict Litigation (MDL) imposes sanctions on 3M, making it difficult for the company to evade the earplug claims.

August 2022

An attempt by 3M to pause the trial proceedings through bankruptcy court is denied by the judge.

October 2021

A jury awards a veteran $8.2 million, supporting his claim of hearing loss and tinnitus due to the defective earplugs.

April 2021

In the first bellwether trial, three veterans received a combined award of $7.1 million for their hearing-related injuries.


How were the 3M earplugs supposed to work?

The dual-ended 3M Combat Arms Earplugs were designed with two different ends for variable levels of protection. One end was meant to block all noise, and the other was supposed to allow the wearer to hear commands and conversations while still protecting against damaging sounds like gunfire.

How long will it take for a 3M earplug lawsuit to settle?

It can take around 2 to 3 years for a full 3M earplug lawsuit case to be settled. The timeline for a 3M Earplug Lawsuit can vary widely based on several factors, including the number of claimants and the complexities involved in your specific case.

What evidence do I need to gather to support my case?

You’ll typically need medical records to prove hearing loss or tinnitus and military service records to demonstrate that you were exposed to loud noises while using 3M’s defective earplugs.

Documentation like audiograms, medical evaluations, and proof of earplug purchase or issuance can strengthen your case.

How can I prove my hearing loss or tinnitus is due to the defective 3M earplugs?

Ideally, a doctor’s diagnosis, medical records detailing your hearing loss or tinnitus, and evidence showing your use of 3M earplugs during military service can substantiate your claims. Testimonies and expert witness reports can also help prove your case.

If I used the earplugs but don’t have symptoms, can I still participate in the lawsuit?

Generally, lawsuits require demonstrable harm. If you haven’t experienced symptoms or been diagnosed with hearing loss, it may be best to consult with a lawyer about your eligibility.

Are there any deadlines for filing a 3M earplug lawsuit?

Statutes of limitations can apply, which means there’s a limited time after discovering your injury to file a lawsuit.

What are the legal fees involved in joining the lawsuit?

This varies between law firms. Many operate on a contingency basis, meaning they only get paid if successful in securing compensation. Always ensure you understand the fee structure before proceeding.

How do I find an attorney experienced in 3M earplug lawsuits?

You can easily find an experienced attorney for 3M earplug lawsuits right here. Just fill out our contact form. One of our representatives will get back to you promptly to connect you with an attorney who specializes in this area. Don’t hesitate to reach out; we’re here to help you.

Hearing Concerns From Earplugs?

Experiencing hearing issues after using 3M earplugs? You may qualify for compensation. Contact us today for a free assessment.

On This Page

Latest Update

Victims Filing 3M Earplug

Why Considered Defective

3M Know Earplugs Were Defective

Health Implications



All Lawsuit Updates


Case Status:
Ongoing (3M Agrees to Pay $6 Billion for Settlements)


Hearing loss and tinnitus